To ensure you have the necessary equipment and ingredients to proceed with brewing.
The process of mixing yeast and water as well as steeping any specialty grains that you choose to use in your brew.
As you boil your malt, you will notice some changes in your brew kettle. A foamy substance will slowly rise and cover your kettle surface
Hop additions are typically performed according to what is called a hop schedule. The schedule is the order that the hops are added. While some brews may only call for one type of hop added at one time, typically there are more.
To maintain sanitation and successfully prime, bottle and condition your beer.
Within a day or two of brew day, fermentation begins. As the yeast convert malt sugars into CO2 and alcohol you will see bubbles come through the airlock. The specific gravity will steadily drop and a cap of thick tannish foam called krauesen forms above the beer.
Yeast is highly temperature specific. Yeast varieties not only thrive in particular temperature, they can only exist in particular temperatures ranges. Temperatures too cold and too hot will kill your yeast.